Society and the Internet: How Networks of Information and Communication are Changing Our Lives
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How is society being shaped by the diffusion and increasing centrality of the Internet in everyday life and work? By bringing together leading research that addresses some of the most significant cultural, economic, and political roles of the Internet, this volume introduces students to a core set of readings that address this question in specific social and institutional contexts.
Internet Studies is a burgeoning new field, which has been central to the Oxford Internet Institute (OII), an innovative multi-disciplinary department at the University of Oxford. Society and the Internet builds on the OII's evolving series of lectures on society and the Internet. The series has been edited to create a reader to supplement upper-division undergraduate and graduate courses that seek to introduce students to scholarship focused on the implications of the Internet for networked societies around the world. The chapters of the reader are rooted in a variety of disciplines, but all directly tackle the powerful ways in which the Internet is linked to political, social, cultural, and economic transformations in society. This book will be a starting point for anyone with a serious interest in the factors shaping the Internet and its impact on society.
The book begins with an introduction by the editors, which provides a brief history of the Internet and Web and its study from multi-disciplinary perspectives. The chapters are grouped into six focused sections: The Internet and Everyday Life; Information and Culture on the Line; Networked Politics and Government; Networked Businesses, Industries, and Economies; and Technological and Regulatory Histories and Futures.
Expanding beyond demographic variables to attitudes and skills, we find that two of three attitude variables are significant: general technology attitudes and web confidence; personal data comfort is not significant. Attitudes and web confidence are both positive, as expected. The lack of significance for personal data comfort is interesting because mobile devices are most useful when (p. 47) Table 2. 1 Logistic Regression Predicting Next Generation User Demographic variables Variable Attitudes and skills Odds ratio Odds ratio Age 0.
Taking the Good with the Bad: Applying Klein’s Work to Further our Understandings of Cyber-Cheating,” Journal of Couple and Relationship Therapy, 4(2/3): 103–115. Whitty, M. T. and Quigley, L. (2008). “Emotional and Sexual Infidelity Offline and in Cyberspace,” Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 34(4): 461–468. Wojcieszak, M. (2008). “False Consensus Goes Online,” Public Opinion Quarterly, 72(4): 781–791. Zimbardo, P. G. (1969). “The Human Choice: Individuation, Reason, and Order Versus Deindividuation, Impulse and Chaos,” in W.
It is these social cues that inspire pro or anti-social behaviour, rather than the anonymity of the digital context. According to this theory, sites that have a culture of negativity will engender antagonistic comments, flame wars, and personal attacks, whereas sites that have a culture of positivity will engender supportive comments and positive actions. Online hate, therefore, need not be the result of anonymous web Page 8 of 13 Inventing the Internet: Scapegoat, Sin Eater, and Trickster activity: as with offline bullying or in-person hate crimes, the contextual norms are what condone this kind of behaviour.
Methods and Data This chapter addresses these issues around new patterns of Internet access by analysing survey data gathered in Britain as part of the Oxford Internet Survey (OxIS). Based on demographic, attitudinal, and Internet use questions it is possible to construct profiles of the survey participants, who include users and non-users of the Internet. These profiles allow us to draw detailed conclusions about who uses the Internet, in what ways, to what extent, and what differences it makes for everyday life and work.
65) Like SNSs, newer media will arrive as extensions to existing ideas and constraints (both social and technological). Nevertheless, such media will still have to contend with many of the same practical issues, such as longstanding and stable patterns of human bonds, preferences for spatial locality, a small number of strong, multiplex (multiple context) relationships, and co-presence when practical. Such technologies will also have to contend with inequalities in operating systems, Internet access, and political power.