Canada in Cities: The Politics and Policy of Federal-Local Governance (Fields of Governance: Policy Making in Canadian Municipalities)

Canada in Cities: The Politics and Policy of Federal-Local Governance (Fields of Governance: Policy Making in Canadian Municipalities)

Katherine A.H. Graham, Caroline Andrew

Language: English

Pages: 304

ISBN: 0773544046

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


The federal government and its policies transform Canadian cities in myriad ways. Canada in Cities examines this relationship to better understand the interplay among changing demographics, how local governments and citizens frame their arguments for federal action, and the ways in which the national government uses its power and resources to shape urban Canada. Most studies of local governance in Canada focus on politics and policy within cities. The essays in this collection turn such analysis on its head, by examining federal programs, rather than municipal ones, and observing how they influence local policies and work with regional authorities and civil societies. Through a series of case studies - ranging from federal policy concerning Aboriginal people in cities, to the introduction of the federal gas tax transfer to municipalities, to the impact of Canada's emergency management policies on cities - the contributors provide insights about how federal politics influence the local political arena. Analyzing federal actions in diverse policy fields, the authors uncover meaningful patterns of federal action and outcome in Canadian cities. A timely contribution, Canada in Cities offers a comprehensive study of diverse areas of municipal public policy that have emerged in Canada in recent years.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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In accord with the tenets of path dependency, decisions taken in the formative stage of an institution are deemed to have a disproportional influence on its evolution because they are embedded from the start at the core of its structure (Peters 2005, 61; Pierson and Skocpol 2002; Skocpol 1992). And institutions and the patterned behaviour they foster endure by virtue of the capacity of organizations to socialize individuals to their values and the existence of positive feedback loops grounded in powerful institutional inducements, which reinforce actions compatible with the interests of institutions (Pierson 2000, 492).

A second observation relates to the use of non-governmental organizations in Ontario and British Columbia as delivery vehicles for the distribution of funds and the accountability for the use of those funds. These agencies are not NGOs in the usual sense in that they are associations of municipal governments. But they themselves are not governments, and Ottawa’s placing them in such a central delivery role is an interesting development. Third, a few comments are in order on the much misunderstood earmarking of funds.

2003. “The New Liberalism: Ideas and Ideals. ” In Searching for the New Liberalism, edited by H. Aster and T. Axworthy. Oakville: Mosaic Press. – 2005. “Policy Dialogue. ” Ottawa: Caledon Institute. – 2006. “There’s Method to This Madness. ” Ottawa: Caledon Institute. – 2007. Shared Space: The Communities Agenda. Ottawa: Caledon Insitute. Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat. 2007. From Red Tape to Clear Results: Report of the Independent Blue Ribbon Panel on Grants and Contributions. Ottawa. United Way of Canada – Centraide Canada.

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